Castle and Forts

Based in the Early Engineers gallery this ‘Inspiring Learning Session’ allows learners to actively understand how castle fortifications developed in and around Medway. Learners will find out the history of fortification building, from the first forms of wooden castles to more sophisticated examples in the medieval period. Three learners will have the opportunity to demonstrate to the group how the King’s engineers would have to carefully plan out their fortification, by knocking down different examples of castle walls. Learners will look at the models of local castles within the gallery, unlocking the secrets about the fortifications. Learners will then plan their own fortification on graph paper using the strongest methods to protect their castle.

Curriculum Links: Local History Study, Science, Design and Technology.

Inspiring Learning Session Matches: Siege warfare and Catapults at the ready.

Siege Warfare

This ‘Inspiring Learning Session’ allows learners to uncover some of the hidden truths about medieval siege warfare from contrasting view points of the attackers and defenders. Learners will be split into two teams to battle it out against one another to discover which tactics were the most effective in taking over one of Medway’s Castles. One of the tactics will be put into practise by a live demonstration using a model trebuchet catapult. Learners will use estimating skill to guess how far the counterweight method will project two different sized projectiles when fired from the trebuchet at a model castle.

Curriculum Links: Local History Study, Science, Design and Technology.

Inspiring Learning Session Matches: Castle and Forts and Catapults at the ready

Catapults at the ready

Learners will uncover different types of historical siege engines and their effectiveness at breaking down castle walls in this ‘Inspiring Learning Session’. In five teams they will test the effectiveness of the catapults by competing against one another, firing different coloured projectiles to breach the walls of a model castle. The learners will discover the need for close proximity to the castle to achieve a successful attack. Learners will then individually have the opportunity to build their own example of a catapult to breach the walls of a model castle.

Curriculum Links: Local History Study, Science, Design and Technology.

Inspiring Learning Session Matches: Castle and Forts and Siege Warfare